Strabismus, commonly known as crossed eyes, is a visual condition characterized by the misalignment of the eyes, leading to challenges in focusing on a single point. This misalignment can result in double vision (diplopia) and may have an impact on an individual’s visual performance and overall life quality. While strabismus can manifest from childhood or emerge in adulthood, its underlying causes are multifaceted, making them challenging to pinpoint. Dr David Stager delves into the prevalent causes of strabismus in adults, shedding light on this complex visual phenomenon.
Deciphering Strabismus: The Dynamics of Misaligned Eyes
Strabismus occurs when both eyes are unable to align properly, causing one eye to deviate from its natural position. This misalignment can introduce conflicting visual signals to the brain, leading to double vision. It’s important to note that strabismus is not a disease but rather a collection of conditions that can emerge at any life stage. It can affect either one eye or both and may manifest consistently or intermittently, with the misalignment varying in its appearance.
The Intricate Causes of Strabismus
Unraveling the exact cause of strabismus in adults is intricate due to the convergence of numerous factors. Strabismus can stem from genetic, environmental, or medical origins, resulting in each case being unique and requiring personalized examination.
In certain instances, the cause of strabismus is discernible and detectable through meticulous eye assessments or genetic testing. A family history of strabismus can hint at a hereditary connection, implying that the condition could be inherited from relatives. Genetic mutations in specific genes have also been linked to an increased susceptibility to strabismus.
Congenital Strabismus: Evident from Birth or Early Development
Congenital strabismus pertains to cases where the condition is either present at birth or arises shortly afterward. This category of strabismus can be triggered by brain or ocular malformations, leading to an improper alignment. For example, esotropia manifests when one eye turns inward, while exotropia involves one eye turning outward. In some cases of congenital strabismus, surgical intervention might be suggested to address vision issues related to the misalignment.
Acquired Strabismus: Emerging in Adulthood
Acquired strabismus, as its name implies, develops in adulthood and may stem from different underlying triggers. This variant of strabismus can result from factors like trauma, brain injuries, neurological conditions, or complications arising from other ocular disorders. Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and thyroid ailments, have also been associated with the onset of acquired strabismus.
Prioritizing Professional Assessment for Accurate Diagnosis
For adults noticing any signs of strabismus, such as misaligned eyes or double vision, seeking timely evaluation from an eye care specialist is pivotal. A comprehensive eye examination, inclusive of assessments to gauge eye muscle function and coordination, aids in determining the precise type and cause of strabismus.
Strabismus in adults can be prompted by diverse factors, with its causes often intricate and multifaceted. From congenital cases present from birth to acquired strabismus surfacing in later life, identifying the exact trigger can be a challenge. Consulting a skilled eye care specialist, such as Dr David Stager, is indispensable for a thorough evaluation and a tailored treatment strategy. Early detection and appropriate management of strabismus can pave the way for enhanced visual function and an improved quality of life for adults grappling with this condition.’